Black Mission Fig Tree

Growing Zones in Ground: 7 - 10 / in Pots: 4 - 11


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What could be better than walking into your own backyard and picking flavorful fresh figs? How about picking those delicious fruits from a cold hardy, easy to grow, a self-fertile tree that produces two crops per year. The Black Mission Fig Tree is exactly such a tree. Black Mission Figs are prized for their sweetness and smooth texture which combine to make them great for cooking, eating fresh, and even drying. Black Mission Fig Trees will withstand temperatures down to 10ºF so they are suggested for outdoor growing in USDA Zones 7 to 10.

The fast-growing Black Mission Fig Trees grow up to 30 feet tall, and 30 feet wide. You can keep them smaller by pruning, and they can be grown in pots. Black Mission Fig Trees are self-fertile so a single tree will make figs. Plant Black Mission Fig Trees in sunny spots with well-drained soil and the trees may grow delicious fruit within one year. Add a versatile, cold-tolerant, vigorous Black Mission Fig Tree to your edible garden and enjoy growing your own high-quality figs.

Fig Tree Care

In USDA Zones 7 to 10 plant the Black Mission Fig Tree in the ground in a spot that gets 4 or more hours per day of direct sun. Add organic matter to the soil and be sure the soil drains well. Prepare a hole twice as wide as the potted Black Mission Fig Tree’s rootball. Position the tree into the hole so that the top of the rootball is just below the ground surface. As you fill the hole around the roots with soil, water the tree 2 or 3 times to remove air pockets. Unlike other fruit trees such as citrus, you can cover the Fig Tree trunk with a few inches of soil at the base.

You can also grow a Black Mission Fig Tree in a pot on a patio or deck. Use a pot with drainage holes that give the new tree growing room of 3 or 4 inches on all sides. Pot with potting mix and some added perlite or sand to help the soil drain. Place the potted Black Mission Fig Tree in a location that gets as much sun each day as possible. If you are in Zones 4 to 7, you can grow a Black Mission Fig Tree outdoors in spring and summer, and bring it indoors for fall and winter.

Fruit & Harvesting

Black Mission Fig Trees grow medium-sized (three-inch) figs that go from green to striped green-purple, to deep purple or black. When ripe Black Mission Figs are red inside with juicy pulp and crunchy edible seeds. Harvest the fruit when dark purple. Ripe fig skin may still display a few green stripes, but the flesh inside should be red, juicy, and sweet. Do a taste test to determine ripeness. Ripe Black Mission Figs have a mellow, sweet, slightly tart flavor and are great for eating fresh, drying, and baking.

Black Mission Fig Trees bloom and grow figs twice each year. They will usually bloom in spring then again in fall. The fall bloom typically produces more figs which are ripe from about early August through the end of November. Harvest by hand and store ripe figs in the refrigerator for up to a week or two. Figs can also be dried or used to make preserves and jam, which is a way to extend their shelf-life so you can enjoy them for much longer.

Growing Zones


The self-pollinating Black Mission Fig Trees are able to produce fruit as a single tree. However, as with many self-fertile fruit trees, growing Black Mission Fig Trees with a second pollinator tree will increase the quantity of fruit for both trees. When planting multiple Black Mission Fig Trees for pollinating space them at least 15 feet but no more than 50 feet apart. You can also plant 2 or more Black Mission Fig Trees in containers and place them on each side of a walkway, or at the corners of an outside deck.

Since Black Mission Fig Trees do not produce large, showy blooms, it is a good idea to grow a few plants in the garden to attract pollinating insects. Hibiscus, Bolivian Sunflowers, and butterfly plants such as Pentas and Bush Daisies are all good for this job. Plant a few of these bright blooming plants between or near your Black Mission Fig Trees and they will attract butterflies, bees, hummingbirds, and nectar-eating moths. In turn, these creatures will all chip in and help pollinate your fig trees as well.


Can the Black Mission Fig Tree tolerate soil or mulch upon the trunk?

Yes. Black Mission Fig Trees can be planted deeper than other fruit trees and can take a few inches of soil stacked upon their trunk base.

Are Black Mission Fig Trees cold hardy?

Yes. Black Mission Fig Trees can take low temperatures down to 10ºF.

Are Black Mission Figs available grocery stores?

The Black Mission Fig variety is not widely grown as a commercial crop. They may be found in some markets, but tend to sell quickly.

Do Black Mission Fig Trees require pollinator trees to make fruit?

Black Mission Fig Trees are self-fertile and can grow figs as a single tree. Multiple Black Mission Fig Trees growing together will grow more fruit.

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